Both kudasai (ください)and onegaishimasu(お願いします) are Japanese words used when making a request for items. In many cases, these two Japanese words, which translate roughly as "please" or "please give bủ," are interchangeable. However, there are nuances associated with each word giving each a slightly different meaning. There are some situations when it is more appropriate đồ sộ use kudasai instead of onegaishimasu and vice versa. Generally, deciding between kudasai and onegaishimasu depends on the social context.

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How đồ sộ Use Kudasai in a Sentence

Kudasai is a more familiar request word in Japanese. It is used when you are requesting something you know you are entitled đồ sộ. For example, if you are requesting something from a friend, peer, or someone who is of lower status or social rank phàn nàn you, you would use kudasai.

Grammatically, kudasai (ください)follows the object and the particle o  (を). When o is placed after a noun, it indicates that the noun is the direct object. In the tables in this and subsequent sections, the Japanese phrase is listed first as it is spelled phonetically using English letters, followed by the word or phrase written in Japanese letters (called kanji, hiragana, and katakana), while the English translation is listed on the right.

Kitte o kudasai.
Please give bủ stamps.
Mizu o kudasai.
Water, please.

How đồ sộ Use Onegaishimasu in a Sentence

While kudasai is a more familiar term, onegaishimasu is more polite or honorific. Thus, this Japanese word is used when you are requesting a favor. You would also use it if you are directing the request đồ sộ a superior or đồ sộ someone you tự not know well.

Like kudasai, onegaishimasu follows the object of the sentence. The sentences below echo the examples in the previous section, except that you would replace kudasai with onegaishimasudue according đồ sộ the context and social circumstances, where you need đồ sộ make a request in a more formal manner. When using onegaishimasu, you can omit the particle o.

Kitte (o) onegaishimasu.
切手 (を) お願いします。
Please give bủ stamps.
Mizu (o) onegaishimasu.
水 (を) お願いします。
Water, please.

Onegaishimasu-Specific Cases

There are some situations when only onegaishimasu is used. When making a request for service, you should use onegaishimasu, as in the examples in these two tables.

Tokyo eki made onegaishimasu.
Tokyo Station, please. (to a xe taxi driver)
Kokusai denwa onegaishimasu.
Overseas telephone Gọi, please.
(on the phone)

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Onegaishimasu should also be used when asking for someone on the phone.

Kazuko-san onegaishimasu.

May I speak đồ sộ Kazuko?

Kudasai-Specific Cases

When you make a request that involves an action, such as "to listen," "arrive," or "wait," use kudasai. Additionally, the Japanese verb khuông -te is added đồ sộ kudasai in these cases. The -te form does not indicate tense by itself; however, it combines with other verb forms đồ sộ create tenses.

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Chotto matte kudasai.
Wait a moment, please.
Ashita kite kudasai.
Please come tomorrow.