To balance the equation Zn + H2SO4 = ZnSO4 + H using the algebraic method step-by-step, you must have experience solving systems of linear equations. The most common methods are substitution/elimination and linear algebra, but any similar method will work.
Step 1: Label Each Compound With a Variable
Label each compound (reactant or product) in the equation with a variable to tát represent the unknown coefficients.
Bạn đang xem: h2so4 zn
a Zn + b H2SO4 = c ZnSO4 + d H
Step 2: Create a System of Equations
Create an equation for each element (Zn, H, S, O) where each term represents the number of atoms of the element in each reactant or product.
Zn: 1a + 0b = 1c + 0d H: 0a + 2b = 0c + 1d S: 0a + 1b = 1c + 0d O: 0a + 4b = 4c + 0d
Step 3: Solve For All Variables
Use substitution, Gaussian elimination, or a calculator to tát solve for each variable.
- 1a - 1c = 0
- 2b - 1d = 0
- 1b - 1c = 0
- 4b - 4c = 0
Use your graphing calculator's rref() function (or an online rref calculator) to tát convert the following matrix into reduced row-echelon-form:
[ 1 0 -1 0 0] [ 0 2 0 -1 0] [ 0 1 -1 0 0] [ 0 4 -4 0 0]
The resulting matrix can be used to tát determine the coefficients. In the case of a single solution, the last column of the matrix will contain the coefficients.
Simplify the result to tát get the lowest, whole integer values.
Xem thêm: bài 12 văn minh đại việt
- a = 1 (Zn)
- b = 1 (H2SO4)
- c = 1 (ZnSO4)
- d = 2 (H)
Step 4: Substitute Coefficients and Verify Result
Count the number of atoms of each element on each side of the equation and verify that all elements and electrons (if there are charges/ions) are balanced.
Zn + H2SO4 = ZnSO4 + 2 H
Since there is an equal number of each element in the reactants and products of Zn + H2SO4 = ZnSO4 + 2H, the equation is balanced.